US Energy Production and Consumption

Type of Resource



In this activity, students explore energy production and consumption by contrasting regional energy production in five different US regions.

Performance Expectations

HS-ESS3-1   Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.

HS-ESS3-2   Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.

HS-ETS1-3   Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

MS-ETS1-2   Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ESS3-1   Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth's mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.

MS-ESS3-4   Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth's systems.

Science and Engineering Practices

Crosscutting Concepts