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  • Kindergarten

    Earth's Systems

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

Performance Expectations

  1. Use and share observations of local weather conditions to describe patterns over time. K-ESS2-1

    Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary
  2. Construct an argument supported by evidence for how plants and animals (including humans) can change the environment to meet their needs. K-ESS2-2

    Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

A Peformance Expectation (PE) is what a student should be able to do to show mastery of a concept. Some PEs include a Clarification Statement and/or an Assessment Boundary. These can be found by clicking the PE for "More Info." By hovering over a PE, its corresponding pieces from the Science and Engineering Practices, Disciplinary Core Ideas, and Crosscutting Concepts will be highlighted.

By clicking on a specific Science and Engineering Practice, Disciplinary Core Idea, or Crosscutting Concept, you can find out more information on it. By hovering over one you can find its corresponding elements in the PEs.

Planning Curriculum

Common Core State Standards Connections


  • RI.K.1 - With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. (K-ESS2-2)
  • W.K.1 - Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book. (K-ESS2-2)
  • W.K.2 - Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic. (K-ESS2-2)
  • W.K.7 - Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them). (K-ESS2-1)


  • K.CC.A - Know number names and the count sequence. (K-ESS2-1)
  • K.MD.A.1 - Describe measurable attributes of objects, such as length or weight. Describe several measurable attributes of a single object. (K-ESS2-1)
  • K.MD.B.3 - Classify objects into given categories; count the numbers of objects in each category and sort the categories by count. (K-ESS2-1)
  • MP.2 - Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (K-ESS2-1)
  • MP.4 - Model with mathematics. (K-ESS2-1)

Model Course Mapping

First Time Visitors

Resources & Lesson Plans

  • More resources added each week!
    A team of teacher curators is working to find, review, and vet online resources that support the standards. Check back often, as NSTA continues to add more targeted resources.
  • This resource is part of a collection of ten activities in the Discover Earth series, designed to teach the story of Earth and its changing environment for ages 5-13. It includes differentiated task instructions f…

  • This lesson is about using local weather to make observations, measure, collect, and record data to describe patterns over time. Students will count types of outdoor clothing worn by classmates and use the data to look for patterns in weather over…

  • This is a free interactive learning activity designed for individual students and can easily be used as a whole class interactive whiteboard activity.This particular title explores weather in relationship to season and temperature. Students learn …

  • This cross curricular unit engages young students in the study of animals, plants, and their environment through the use of modeling, constructing arguments with evidence, and using observations to describe the ways animals interact with their env…

  • Students learn about weather by taking walks during various weather conditions over the course of time. Walks take place during during sunny, rainy, windy, or snowy conditions. The lesson is divided into four sections with activities assigned to e…

  • This is a resource from the National Center for Atmospheric Research and the National Science Foundation that explains the basics of weather and climate. This article is designed as background information for the teacher.

  • This free TeachersPayTeachers resource is a booklet that includes a KWL, observation pages, and writing activities about clouds to enrich "the cloud in a jar" activity. It does not include directions for making a cloud in a jar.

  • This lesson is part of a series of weather related lessons from AAAS Science NetLinks. In this lesson, students watch what happens to water over time. Equal amounts of water will be placed in cans. One can will be closed and the other will be open…

  • This lesson is the first in a two-part series on the weather. The study of the weather in these early years is important because it can help students understand that some events in nature have a repeating pattern. It also is important for students to…

  • Students will make their own weather station consisting of actual and simplified versions of real weather equipment. The weather station will consist of a thermometer and a student-made weather vane. They will use that equipment to make observations …

Planning Curriculum gives connections to other areas of study for easier curriculum creation.