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  • 1st Grade

    Waves: Light and Sound

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

Performance Expectations

  1. Plan and conduct investigations to provide evidence that vibrating materials can make sound and that sound can make materials vibrate. 1-PS4-1

    Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary
  2. Make observations to contruct an evidence-based account that objects in darkness can be seen only when illuminated. 1-PS4-2

    Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary
  3. Plan and conduct investigations to determine the effect of placing objects made with different materials in the path of a beam of light. 1-PS4-3

    Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary
  4. Use tools and materials to design and build a device that uses light or sound to solve the problem of communicating over a distance. 1-PS4-4

    Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

A Peformance Expectation (PE) is what a student should be able to do to show mastery of a concept. Some PEs include a Clarification Statement and/or an Assessment Boundary. These can be found by clicking the PE for "More Info." By hovering over a PE, its corresponding pieces from the Science and Engineering Practices, Disciplinary Core Ideas, and Crosscutting Concepts will be highlighted.

Science and Engineering Practices

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to simple investigations, based on fair tests, which provide data to support explanations or design solutions.

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

Constructing explanations and designing solutions in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to the use of evidence and ideas in constructing evidence-based accounts of natural phenomenon and designing solutions.

By clicking on a specific Science and Engineering Practice, Disciplinary Core Idea, or Crosscutting Concept, you can find out more information on it. By hovering over one you can find its corresponding elements in the PEs.

Planning Curriculum

Common Core State Standards Connections

ELA/Literacy

  • SL.1.1 - Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 1 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. (1-PS4-1), (1-PS4-2), (1-PS4-3)
  • W.1.2 - Write informative/explanatory texts in which they name a topic, supply some facts about the topic, and provide some sense of closure. (1-PS4-2)
  • W.1.7 - Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of “how-to” books on a given topic and use them to write a sequence of instructions). (1-PS4-1), (1-PS4-2), (1-PS4-3), (1-PS4-4)
  • W.1.8 - With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. (1-PS4-1), (1-PS4-2), (1-PS4-3)

Mathematics

  • 1.MD.A.1 - Order three objects by length; compare the lengths of two objects indirectly by using a third object. (1-PS4-4)
  • 1.MD.A.2 - Express the length of an object as a whole number of length units, by layering multiple copies of a shorter object (the length unit) end to end; understand that the length measurement of an object is the number of same-size length units that span it with no gaps or overlaps. Limit to contexts where the object being measured is spanned by a whole number of length units with no gaps or overlaps. (1-PS4-4)
  • MP.5 - Use appropriate tools strategically. (1-PS4-4)

Model Course Mapping

First Time Visitors

Resources & Lesson Plans

  • More resources added each week!
    A team of teacher curators is working to find, review, and vet online resources that support the standards. Check back often, as NSTA continues to add more targeted resources.
  • This is #4 of a nine lesson unit about sound. Students will be investigating sound stations to provide evidence that sound makes vibrations and that those vibrations make sound.

  • This is Lesson #3 in a unit of nine lessons about sound. Students will learn about how we hear sounds.  They will also plan and conduct investigations of sound to prove that sounds have vibrations and vibrations m…

  • This 5-E lesson plan uses the backwards-design approach integrated with literacy to expand upon children's knowledge of fireflies and light.  Students will able to gather evidence to develop the understanding that at night objects can be …

  • In Flashlight Investigation, the students conduct an investigation to find out how different objects affect a beam of light by recording their observations, and sharing their results.  The students discuss and pla…

  • This article describes a six-day unit for first graders that integrates music, science, and literature to assess and develop first graders' knowledge of sound waves.

  • Please note this resource is an article found in the January 2016 Volume 53 Number 5 edition of NSTA's "Science and Children" Journal which can be accessed for free in the NSTA Learning Center for NSTA members.  The article is e…

  • In these lessons the students work as partners planning and designing a communication device that will signal across the gym or hallway from one partner to the other partner.  The communication device must only use light and objects…

  • In Science of Light,  the students talk about light and plan their investigation to find out how different objects affect a beam of light. The students do not complete the investigation.   In Flashlight Lesson

  • This multi-activity lesson allows students to explore how various materials vibrate to make sound. Videos are provided that can be shown to students to enforce the content or used by the teacher to see how to make…

  • This lesson is an activity where students make a model "landline" and investigate how sound travels.

  • This is an interactive story with pauses after each ‘chapter’ to allow students and teachers time to research topics, conduct experiments, do demonstrations, discuss vocabulary, record observations and conclusions , and even play a fun…

  • This is a mini-unit that is part of the NSTA Publication " Science for the Next Generation". It is a 5 E model unit with each activity ranging in time needed from 30-90 minutes. In the Explore section, students observe a thunder drum and wine glass "…

  • This is an 11 lesson unit that addresses all of the Waves: Light and Sound Performance Expectations. It includes a parent letter, 11 lessons, 5 assessments and multiple, explicit connections to other content areas. 

    From the unit de…

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Planning Curriculum gives connections to other areas of study for easier curriculum creation.