# Space Systems: Patterns and Cycles

### Students who demonstrate understanding can:

#### Performance Expectations

1. Use observations of the sun, moon, and stars to describe patterns that can be predicted.

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary
2. Make observations at different times of year to relate the amount of daylight to the time of year.

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

A Peformance Expectation (PE) is what a student should be able to do to show mastery of a concept. Some PEs include a Clarification Statement and/or an Assessment Boundary. These can be found by clicking the PE for "More Info." By hovering over a PE, its corresponding pieces from the Science and Engineering Practices, Disciplinary Core Ideas, and Crosscutting Concepts will be highlighted.

### Science and Engineering Practices

By clicking on a specific Science and Engineering Practice, Disciplinary Core Idea, or Crosscutting Concept, you can find out more information on it. By hovering over one you can find its corresponding elements in the PEs.

## Planning Curriculum

### Common Core State Standards Connections

#### ELA/Literacy

• W.1.7 - Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of “how-to” books on a given topic and use them to write a sequence of instructions). (1-ESS1-1), (1-ESS1-2)
• W.1.8 - With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. (1-ESS1-1), (1-ESS1-2)

#### Mathematics

• 1.MD.C.4 - Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. (1-ESS1-2)
• 1.OA.A.1 - Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. (1-ESS1-2)
• MP.2 - Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (1-ESS1-2)
• MP.4 - Model with mathematics. (1-ESS1-2)
• MP.5 - Use appropriate tools strategically. (1-ESS1-2)

## Resources & Lesson Plans

• More resources added each week!
A team of teacher curators is working to find, review, and vet online resources that support the standards. Check back often, as NSTA continues to add more targeted resources.
• In this Mystery Science interactive video lesson, students discover how the sun’s path changes with the seasons. This is the fourth mystery in the series.  The “lesson” includes: a 20-minute video exploration section, a 25-minu ...

• Using a Match the Moon Phases Poster, students match pictures of the moon with matching pictures on a poster that shows the moon phase cycle. The teacher guides students as they make observations, ask questions, and share past experiences of looking ...

• This is an introductory activity in which students compare daytime and nighttime characteristics and activities.  Then, with teacher support, they model the Earth’s rotation with a globe and with their own bodies, to better understand the ...

• This one minute and twenty-nine second video starts with daytime in the forest.  Birds are heard.  Then it changes its focus toward the sky.  The video zooms in on the moon and its landscape.  The video ends by changing its focus ...

• In this lesson, students analyze and interpret data to look for patterns in sunrise and sunset times across seasons.  As a result of this analysis, students figure out that there are repeating patterns in seasonal sunrise and sunset times.   ...

• This resource contains directions on how to create a solar eclipse box that works exactly like a pinhole camera.  Teachers can use this resource to help students observe and predict sun and moon patterns. To truly make this an engineering design ...

• In this science-based storybook, The Mystery of the Missing Hummingbirds, students read about the reason for seasonal migration patterns of hummingbirds.  Students Anita, Simon and Dennis and the rest of Ms. Patel's class have been maki ...

• This video 4:45 video segment, of Bill Nye the Science Guy's full video call Bill Nye the Science Guy:  Earth's Season's, explains why earth has seasons.  Bill begins by activating students' prior knowled ...

• In this lesson, a student draws the moon's shape each evening on a classroom calendar.  The class then determines the pattern in the shapes over several weeks. Student understandings should be confined to observations, descrip ...

• In this lesson, students learn to observe and describe what the sky looks like at different times; to identify objects in the sky and recognize changes over time; and to look for objects that are common to the daytime and nighttime sky.

• Students will be able to make observations of the sun, moon and stars to describe predictable patterns in space from earth.

• This lesson is an activity where students create a sun tracker and monitor the sun's position over the course of a day. Examples of student journals and connections within a larger unit are provided.

• This is a mini-unit that can be taught directly after Space Part 1or independently.  The author chose to teach the Space Part 1 unit (also available on Better Lesson! at http://betterlesson.com/lesson/613469/introduction-and-pre-assessment& ...

• The National Wildlife Federation's "Keep a Moon Journal" page allows students to get acquainted with the phases of the moon by keeping a moon journal to record their nightly observations for one month. The page has links to diagrams, a ...

• StoryBots.com is an online program to build stories about different topics with children. In addition, the company creates original content such as the 5 "outer space" songs found on this link. The songs are very catchy, and include fa ...

• This is a three part lesson where students use observations, activities, and videos to learn basic facts about the Sun. Students also model the mechanics of day and night and use solar energy to make a tasty treat. One of the videos is a time-lapse v ...

• Students participate in a kinesthetic model that demonstrates that Venus is visible in the evening and morning sky due to the movement of Earth and the location of the Sun in space

• In this lesson, students will learn about the stars, planets, and moons found in our solar system and how they relate to one another. The video segment enhances the learning. After a nonfiction read aloud, students work in groups to create model ...

• “Next time you see a sunset, stop and sit down for a while.” This book's opening line invites students to observe a daily phenomenon. Next Time You See a Sunset, a nonfiction, picture book, written by Emily Morgan, describes t ...

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Planning Curriculum gives connections to other areas of study for easier curriculum creation.