5-ESS2-1 Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.
Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.
Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.
This resource was not designed to build towards this performance expectation, but can be used to build towards it using the suggestions provided below.
Comments about Including the Performance Expectation
This simulation gives students an opportunity to use a model to experience how the hydrosphere interacts with the geosphere, biosphere and atmosphere through the water cycle. To more explicitly show the movement of the water through the various spheres it is recommended teachers label each reservoir with the appropriate system (i.e. clouds - atmosphere, soil - geosphere, etc.) and evaluate the model afterwards for areas of improvement that may be student generated.