This resource was not designed to build towards this performance expectation, but can be used to build towards it using the suggestions provided below.
Comments about Including the Performance Expectation
This book provides multiple pieces of evidence to support the claim that some animals form groups to help members survive. There are several ways that this book can be used to support the PE: 1) interactive read aloud, 2) resource for students to research their questions after having a chance to observe insects (such as ants) firsthand, and 3) group “jigsaw.” In jigsaw approach, the teacher explains that the class will be exploring the focus question: “How do animals work together in groups to help them survive?” They will be reading the introductory sections of the book (What are Insects? and Working Together) first (either individually or as a group) to provide background, then each student will become an expert on a specific type of insect. The class is divided into small groups (4 students each) and each student in these “home” groups is assigned a different section of the book (honeybees, hive wasps, termites or ants). Each student will become an “expert” on how their type of insect works together in groups to survive. (The shorter section on Migrating in Swarms could also be assigned as a 5th topic—allowing small groups of 5 students each.) Students read and take notes on their assigned insect from the book, then join other students who have the same insect to form “expert” groups. Each group will discuss how their insect works together in groups to help them survive (using evidence they gathered from reading their section of the book). They will create a chart describing: Insect Behaviors and How These Behaviors Help the Insects Survive. (This information can be presented as part of a poster, Prezi, Powerpoint, digital story, etc.) Students then rejoin their home groups and take turns sharing their evidence with the rest of the group. When all groups have had a chance to share, the teacher can facilitate a science talk around the focus question: “How do animals (insects in this case) work together in groups to help them survive?” In this talk, students will make claims based on evidence that they gathered from the book. A class chart can be created to compile the information. Students could then be asked to write an argument (claims based on evidence) to answer the focus question. For more information on the jigsaw cooperative learning strategy go to: http://olc.spsd.sk.ca/DE/PD/instr/strats/jigsaw/.