Gulf Stream Heat Budget and Europe's Mild Climate: A Problem-based Learning Activity

Type of Resource



In this role-playing activity, learners are presented with a scenario in which they determine whether the Gulf Stream is responsible for keeping northern Europe warm. They must also address the potential future of the Gulf Stream if polar ice were to continue melting. The students work in small groups to identify the issue, discuss the problem, and develop a problem statement. They are then asked what they need to know to solve the problem.

Performance Expectations

HS-ESS2-4   Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.

Science and Engineering Practices