Seasonal Change on Land and Water

Type of Resource



In this worksheet-based activity, students review global visualizations of incoming sunlight and surface temperature and discuss seasonal change. Students use the visualizations to support inquiry on the differences in seasonal change in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and how land and water absorb and release heat differently. The activity culminates in an argument about why one hemisphere experiences warmer summers although it receives less total solar energy.

Performance Expectations

HS-ESS2-4   Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.

MS-ESS2-6   Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.