# Earth and Human Activity

### Students who demonstrate understanding can:

#### Performance Expectations

1. Obtain and combine information to describe that energy and fuels are derived from natural resources and their uses affect the environment.

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

A Peformance Expectation (PE) is what a student should be able to do to show mastery of a concept. Some PEs include a Clarification Statement and/or an Assessment Boundary. These can be found by clicking the PE for "More Info." By hovering over a PE, its corresponding pieces from the Science and Engineering Practices, Disciplinary Core Ideas, and Crosscutting Concepts will be highlighted.

### Connections to Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science

By clicking on a specific Science and Engineering Practice, Disciplinary Core Idea, or Crosscutting Concept, you can find out more information on it. By hovering over one you can find its corresponding elements in the PEs.

## Planning Curriculum

### Common Core State Standards Connections

#### ELA/Literacy

• W.4.7 - Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic. (4-ESS3-1)
• W.4.8 - Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources. (4-ESS3-1)
• W.4.9 - Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (4-ESS3-1)

#### Mathematics

• 4.OA.A.1 - Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison, e.g., interpret 35 = 5 x 7 as a statement that 35 is 5 times as many as 7 and 7 times as many as 5. Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations. (4-ESS3-1)
• MP.2 - Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (4-ESS3-1)
• MP.4 - Model with mathematics. (4-ESS3-1)

## Resources & Lesson Plans

• More resources added each week!
A team of teacher curators is working to find, review, and vet online resources that support the standards. Check back often, as NSTA continues to add more targeted resources.
• The book, Energy All Around, introduces students to the concept of energy,  describes some of the many forms energy can take and gives examples of how energy can be transferred and transformed. It is available to educators as a free ebook from E ...

• With vivid illustrations, Buried Sunlight takes the reader back in time hundreds of millions of years to explore the question, “What are fossil fuels, and how did they come to exist?” By reading this book, students will learn how we are u ...

• This nonfiction text, The 12 Biggest Breakthroughs in Energy Transfer, by M. M. Eboch, introduces students to many of our major sources of energy. It tells the stories of how technologies were developed to allow us to access these energy resources. I ...

• Do you have a great resource to share with the community? Click here.
• Lessons in these units: Unit 1 Earth's Systems Lesson 1 - Introduction to Earth Changes Lesson 2 - Weathering Lesson 3 - Erosion Lesson 4 - Review of Weathering and Erosion Lesson 5 - Exploring Topographical Maps Unit 2 Earth's P...

• From TeachEngineering - Students conduct a simple experiment to model and explore the harmful effects of acid rain (vinegar) on living (green leaf and eggshell) and non-living (paper clip) objects.

• From TeachEngineering - Students explore how different materials (sand, gravel, lava rock) with different water contents on different slopes result in landslides of different severity. They measure the severity by how far the landslide debris extends...

Planning Curriculum gives connections to other areas of study for easier curriculum creation.