# Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

### Students who demonstrate understanding can:

#### Performance Expectations

1. Use mathematical representations of Newton’s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb’s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects.

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

A Peformance Expectation (PE) is what a student should be able to do to show mastery of a concept. Some PEs include a Clarification Statement and/or an Assessment Boundary. These can be found by clicking the PE for "More Info." By hovering over a PE, its corresponding pieces from the Science and Engineering Practices, Disciplinary Core Ideas, and Crosscutting Concepts will be highlighted.

### Science and Engineering Practices

#### Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking

Mathematical and computational thinking in 9–12 builds on K–8 experiences and progresses to using algebraic thinking and analysis, a range of linear and nonlinear functions including trigonometric functions, exponentials and logarithms, and computational tools for statistical analysis to analyze, represent, and model data. Simple computational simulations are created and used based on mathematical models of basic assumptions.

By clicking on a specific Science and Engineering Practice, Disciplinary Core Idea, or Crosscutting Concept, you can find out more information on it. By hovering over one you can find its corresponding elements in the PEs.

## Planning Curriculum

### Common Core State Standards Connections

#### Mathematics

• HSA-SSE.A.1 - Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context. (HS-PS2-4)
• HSA-SSE.B.3 - Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression.â˜… (HS-PS2-4)
• HSN-Q.A.1 - Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. (HS-PS2-4)
• HSN-Q.A.2 - Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. (HS-PS2-4)
• HSN-Q.A.3 - Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. (HS-PS2-4)
• MP.2 - Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (HS-PS2-4)
• MP.4 - Model with mathematics. (HS-PS2-4)

## Resources & Lesson Plans

• More resources added each week!
A team of teacher curators is working to find, review, and vet online resources that support the standards. Check back often, as NSTA continues to add more targeted resources.
• An interactive simulation in which students use a model of charged objects to explain how charges interact and construct an understanding of Coulomb's Law. It is concerned with comparing ions and neutral atoms. The model allows the user to invest ...

• Using this online interactive simulation, students can visualize the relationship between mass and separation of the objects on the magnitude of the force of gravity between two objects. The lesson guide includes questions that lead the student throu ...

• Do you have a great resource to share with the community? Click here.
• Newton's Third Law Paper Trampoline

• Bristlebots

• Amusement Park Engineer-- Bumper Cars

• Egg Lander--Motion Design CEPA

• Golf Ball Boat

• The goal of this virtual lab is to allow students the opportunity to explore the factors that influence an object’s weight, primarily gravity and mass.

• The goal of this virtual lab is to allow students the opportunity to explore the factors that influence an object’s weight, primarily gravity and mass.

• The goal of the Gravity & Forces virtual lab is to allow students to investigate how a planet’s mass and orbital distance impact the force of gravity. Students conduct experiments to understand and confront misconceptions aound Newton’s Law of Gravit...

Planning Curriculum gives connections to other areas of study for easier curriculum creation.