Science Knowledge Is Based on Empirical Evidence

Primary School (K-2)

  • Scientists look for patterns and order when making observations about the world.

Elementary School (3-5)

  • Science findings are based on recognizing patterns.
  • Science uses tools and technologies to make accurate measurements and observations.

Middle School (6-8)

  • Science knowledge is based upon logical and conceptual connections between evidence and explanations.
  • Science disciplines share common rules of obtaining and evaluating empirical evidence.

High School (9-12)

  • Science knowledge is based on empirical evidence.
  • Science disciplines share common rules of evidence used to evaluate explanations about natural systems.
  • Science includes the process of coordinating patterns of evidence with current theory.
  • Science arguments are strengthened by multiple lines of evidence supporting a single explanation.

These understandings about the nature of science are found in the practices section of the foundation box on a standards page.

Other Standards That Use This Connection to the Nature of Science: