This lesson engages students in exploring the phenomenon of soil erosion at the beach, and in designing solutions to mitigate it. In part one of this lesson, students research how wave energy affects shorelines, predict the relationship between waves and erosion, and use historic data to study the effects of tides and major storms on the Gulf Coast. They use videos, photos, and an online interactive tool to study the impact of erosion on the Gulf Coast. Students investigate the exponential relationship between wave height and energy. Students begin to describe types of barriers to protect shorelines from waves. Then, in part two of the lesson, students research a natural oyster reef as a barrier and more extensive, man-made barriers. They create a model shoreline and test the impact of waves on their shoreline with different types of barriers. As the final extension, students create a cost-benefit analysis of different types of barriers and predict which would be the best to use in certain environments.