# Newton's Third Law: Complete Toolkit

Contributor
The Physics Classroom, Tom Henderson
Type Category
Assessment Materials Instructional Materials
Types
Simulation , Interactive Simulation , Problem Set , Graph , Informative Text , Animation/Movie , Experiment/Lab Activity , Activity
Note
This resource, vetted by NSTA curators, is provided to teachers along with suggested modifications to make it more in line with the vision of the NGSS. While not considered to be “fully aligned,” the resources and expert recommendations provide teachers with concrete examples and expert guidance using the EQuIP rubric to adapted existing resources. Read more here.

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## Description

This is a collection of activities and links on the Physics Classroom website, about Newton’s Third Law of Motion. Many of these directly reference objects' behavior during collisions. Some of the materials are created by the Physics Classroom themselves; others are links to further resources. The materials are categorized by type (reading, videos, labs and investigations, demonstrations, internet modules, concept builders, real life connections, and common misconceptions). Each link is accompanied by a short blurb about the material and the Physics Classroom’s suggestions for use.

Intended Audience

Educator and learner
Educational Level
• High School
• Middle School
Language
English
Access Restrictions

Free access - The right to view and/or download material without financial, registration, or excessive advertising barriers.

#### Performance Expectations

MS-PS2-1 Apply Newton’s Third Law to design a solution to a problem involving the motion of two colliding objects.

Clarification Statement: Examples of practical problems could include the impact of collisions between two cars, between a car and stationary objects, and between a meteor and a space vehicle.

Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to vertical or horizontal interactions in one dimension.

This resource appears to be designed to build towards this performance expectation, though the resource developer has not explicitly stated so.

Materials linked on this page run the gamut from introductory Third Law to advanced applications. Many of the materials that do not directly relate to collisions will be useful as introductions to what the Law is about and how it works, and will act as scaffolding toward students’ ability to meet the performance expectation. Several of the materials do directly focus on collisions.These include Physlet Physics: Newton’s Third Law – Contact Forces,Rutgers University Learning Cycle: Newton’s Third Law, University of Pennsylvania: Forces and Newton’s Laws, The Physics Classroom's Third Law on YouTube 10-second Demonstration, the Minds On Physics Internet Module, the Curriculum Corner Newton’s Third Law, and the Science of NFL Football.

#### Science and Engineering Practices

This resource appears to be designed to build towards this science and engineering practice, though the resource developer has not explicitly stated so.

This collection is ideal for the practice of integrating information, as the resource offers a variety of modalities, including informational text, video clips, graphs, and simulations. A teacher can choose several of the provided materials for the students to explore, and create a culminating task that requires the student to draw upon their findings from the various materials. If used as part of a final assessment, the culminating task could be to predict the outcome of a given collision, and use evidence from the various materials to support the claim about the outcome.

#### Disciplinary Core Ideas

This resource is explicitly designed to build towards this disciplinary core idea.

Objectives for this collection are stated at the top of the page; all four objectives directly relate to understanding and applying Newton’s Third Law of Motion. The given materials and links provide multiple phenomena for students to observe directly or through video to examine Newton’s Third Law.

#### Crosscutting Concepts

This resource appears to be designed to build towards this crosscutting concept, though the resource developer has not explicitly stated so.