Penguin Parent Patrol

Open Ed Inc.
Type Category
Instructional Materials
This resource, vetted by NSTA curators, is provided to teachers along with suggested modifications to make it more in line with the vision of the NGSS. While not considered to be "fully aligned," the resources and expert recommendations provide teachers with concrete examples and expert guidance using the EQuIP rubric to adapted existing resources. Read more here.



This two minute and forty eight second video describes Emperor Penguin parents and the obstacles they overcome to help their offspring survive. The obstacles include: starvation, freezing weather, and predators.

Intended Audience

Educator and learner
Educational Level
  • Grade 1
  • Elementary School
Access Restrictions

Free access with user action - The right to view and/or download material without financial barriers but users are required to register or experience some other low-barrier to use.

Performance Expectations

1-LS1-2 Read texts and use media to determine patterns in behavior of parents and offspring that help offspring survive.

Clarification Statement: Examples of patterns of behaviors could include the signals that offspring make (such as crying, cheeping, and other vocalizations) and the responses of the parents (such as feeding, comforting, and protecting the offspring).

Assessment Boundary: none

This resource is explicitly designed to build towards this performance expectation.

Comments about Including the Performance Expectation
The short video provides information for students to participate in discussions regarding the behaviors of parents helping their offspring to survive. Students can discuss some of the things that their parents do to help them survive, and they can then compare them to the things that the Emperor Penguins do.

Science and Engineering Practices

This resource is explicitly designed to build towards this science and engineering practice.

Comments about Including the Science and Engineering Practice
This Practice is met through the viewing of the video and the ensuing classroom discussion about the patterns that were noticed. Students may use dramatic play to recreate the video in an effort to internalize the behavior of parents and the help they offer their offspring.

Disciplinary Core Ideas

This resource is explicitly designed to build towards this disciplinary core idea.

Comments about Including the Disciplinary Core Idea
The video stands alone in its alignment to the Core Idea. Alignment would be strengthened if other animal behavior patterns were presented as part of a lesson or a unit.

Crosscutting Concepts

This resource is explicitly designed to build towards this crosscutting concept.

Comments about Including the Crosscutting Concept
Due to the fact that the video shows one incidence of parents behavior, other examples would need to be explored to fully understand the Crosscutting Concept.

Resource Quality

  • Alignment to the Dimensions of the NGSS: This video, used as part of a classroom discussion, demonstrates a strong alignment with the intent of the NGSS and three dimensional learning. Other examples of animal behavior could be used as well.

  • Instructional Supports: The video provides scientifically accurate information and is developmentally appropriate for the intended audience. It is not part of a lesson. The teacher would need to use best teaching practices that engage the student in understanding the scenarios of the video that reflect the science as experienced in the real world and provide students with an understanding of the phenomena. Students could take notes and share them with the class. Findings can be added to an anchor chart and posted in the room. Students can draw pictures including captions that describe the illustrated phenomena. They could also develop dramatic play or songs that communicate the phenomena.

  • Monitoring Student Progress: This video can be used with whole group, small group, or individual class interactions which would provide the teacher with formative and summative assessment opportunities of student understandings of the Disciplinary Core Idea. The teacher can support differentiated instruction for their students by providing graphic organizers which would increase student ability to to notice the patterns of behavior among various animals.

  • Quality of Technological Interactivity: The video segment quality is strong and scientific information is accurate. The video does not have an interactive component, but Open Ed does have a tracking of use component for the teacher.