In this activity, students are introduced to black carbon as a major source for global climate change. Students read through an article and identify several topics, through discussion, for further study about issues concerning black carbon production. Students work in focused groups and then in mixed groups to develop a concept map and two page summary paper about the problems and solutions associated with black carbon generating fuels in developing nations.
Students should find the videos and readings interesting and easy to understand. Some of the links for suggested articles, and the initial video in the instructor’s notes are not up-to-date. Below are corrected links for some of the resources.
Video Link: http://earthjustice.org/video/stop-soot-the-easiest-way-to-slow-climate-change
Black Carbon Factsheet Link: http://www.ccacoalition.org/en/resources/factsheet-black-carbon-key-messages
Health Effects Resource 1: http://ehsdiv.sph.berkeley.edu/guat/
Environmental Impacts Resource 2: http://www4.ncsu.edu/~apgriesh/pubs/kandlikar_cc_2010.pdf
Environmental Impacts Resource 3: http://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/news/20031222/
Environmental Impacts Resource 8: http://climate.org/archive/publications/Climate%20Alerts/scanned%20may2016/climatealertautumn2009.pdf
Environmental Impacts Resource 10: http://www.pnas.org/content/106/52/22114.full.pdf
Solution Resource 9: http://csanr.wsu.edu/anaerobic-digestion/small-scale-biogas-technology/
The suggested time allowed for the activity is three days in an undergraduate college course, but high school students may need more time to fully develop their understandings of their chosen topic and to generate the concept map and summary paper. This activity is literacy-heavy and may require additional supports for struggling readers. Teachers may also choose to allow students time to investigate alternative cooking and heating methods with hands-on activities.