# Integrated STEM Through Tumblewing Gliders

Contributor
Scott R. Bartholomew
Type Category
Instructional Materials
Types
Activity , Article , Lesson/Lesson Plan
Note
This resource, vetted by NSTA curators, is provided to teachers along with suggested modifications to make it more in line with the vision of the NGSS. While not considered to be "fully aligned," the resources and expert recommendations provide teachers with concrete examples and expert guidance using the EQuIP rubric to adapted existing resources. Read more here.

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This is the correct link: https://polytechnic.purdue.edu/sites/default/files/files/STEMlessonplan-TumblewingChallenge1.pdf

## Description

Students observe and measure a tumblewing glider's motion, conducting a series of investigations to test the effect of changes to the glider's structural features on the flight path and duration of their gliders.  The data collected provides evidence to support their own prototype's design solution and predicted future motion.

Intended Audience

Educator
Educational Level
• Upper Elementary
Language
English
Access Restrictions

Free access - The right to view and/or download material without financial, registration, or excessive advertising barriers.

#### Performance Expectations

3-5-ETS1-3 Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.

Clarification Statement: none

Assessment Boundary: none

This resource is explicitly designed to build towards this performance expectation.

Students will conduct multiple trials to test how the width of the glider, length of the glider, the side fold lengths and the end fold lengths affect the flight of the glider. The material used to construct the glider and the procedure for launching and powering the tumblewing are controlled and stated in the criteria and constraints. To best meet this performance expectation, students could identify, which variables could be tested once an initial prototype is built and tested.

3-PS2-2 Make observations and/or measurements of an object’s motion to provide evidence that a pattern can be used to predict future motion.

Clarification Statement: Examples of motion with a predictable pattern could include a child swinging in a swing, a ball rolling back and forth in a bowl, and two children on a see-saw.

Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include technical terms such as period and frequency.

This resource appears to be designed to build towards this performance expectation, though the resource developer has not explicitly stated so.

Students test the following variables: width of the glider, length of the glider, the side fold lengths and the end fold lengths. Students make observations and measurements of the glider’s motion as they conduct their trials. Students will then analyze the data to make an argument for which combination of glider design will produce the longest flight for their tumblewing glider.

#### Science and Engineering Practices

This resource appears to be designed to build towards this science and engineering practice, though the resource developer has not explicitly stated so.

Students will work in teams to test the structural features of the glider. They will test one feature at a time, conducting four trials for each feature investigated. To more explicitly align to this practice it is recommended that students collaboratively identify the variables that could be tested based on the performance of the initial prototype, and plan how the data will be collected.

This resource is explicitly designed to build towards this science and engineering practice.

Once the testing of the glider's structural features are concluded students will make a claim as to which combination of variables will produce the longest flight and supporting their claim with evidence. They will then create and test a prototype based on this claim. To fully meet criteria, the glider must fly 9.1 meters. It is recommended that students then discuss the merits of their design solution, citing collected evidence based from the flight trials.

#### Disciplinary Core Ideas

This resource is explicitly designed to build towards this disciplinary core idea.

Investigations of how the measurement of four structural features could affect the flight of the glider will provide data that can improve its performance from that of the original prototype.

This resource is explicitly designed to build towards this disciplinary core idea.

Students will analyze the flight of their glider as they test the different variables that affect its motion to identify the measurements of each structural feature that will enable the longest flight.

#### Crosscutting Concepts

This resource appears to be designed to build towards this crosscutting concept, though the resource developer has not explicitly stated so.