HS-PS3-1 Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on explaining the meaning of mathematical expressions used in the model.
Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to basic algebraic expressions or computations; to systems of two or three components; and to thermal energy, kinetic energy, and/or the energies in gravitational, magnetic, or electric fields.
This resource appears to be designed to build towards this performance expectation, though the resource developer has not explicitly stated so.
Comments about Including the Performance Expectation
The instructor will want to have already taught lessons about energy because this resource assumes a good deal of background knowledge from the students including the Law of Conservation of Energy, gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, and thermal energy (as the kinetic energy of the car is dissipated due to friction when the car strikes the box at the bottom of the track). A suitable activity that the instructor may want to use with their students before this one is the PhET Skate Park simulation found here: https://phet.colorado.edu/sims/html/energy-skate-park-basics/latest/energy-skate-park-basics_en.html. This simulation would allow students to manipulate the variables presented in this Hot Wheels resource and make them more familiar with the scenario presented in this current resource.